• Ants have three clearly defined body segments: head, thorax and abdomen.
  • The reproductive male and female are winged.
  • Ants are social insects and live in permanent nests, mostly located in soil, wood and among rocks.

Life Cycles

Once the eggs are laid, it takes more than 6 weeks (depending on species and environmental conditions) for the larvae to become fully developed. There are three castes of ants:

Male: adult males are winged. Their specific function is to mate with the female, and usually die after doing so.
Female: the largest in body size, the female begins adult life as a winged insect, but the wings are dropped soon after mating. Some species have only one female reproductive (‘queen’) while others may have many. The queen regulates the colony. Typically, females live up to 15yrs.
Worker: they are sterile, wingless females. They serve the colony by nest-building, foraging for food, feeding immature ants & other castes, caring for eggs, defence, etc. Large workers with well-developed heads are called soldiers. Workers mostly live for about 1 year.

Although ants commonly have permanent nests, it is not uncommon for a change of nest location in times of adverse conditions.

Once a food source has been established, worker ants will leave the nest and travel in well-defined trails. The trails are usually marked by ‘scent trails’ in the form of trail-marking pheromone secretions. Other methods include reference to landmarks, orientation with respect to light, communication, smell (trail-marking), taste (food exchange by regurgitation), hearing (tapping & stridulation), touch (antennal stroking), or sight (in ants with well developed eyes).

In their feeding habits ants tend to be scavengers or predators. Several species of ants are omnivorous, consuming a wide variety of plant and animal products.


We would be delighted to offer you any of the above services, or assist with identifying and exterminating any other pests not listed on our website.

Please feel free to contact us regarding your requirements, and we can tailor a specific treatment schedule for your business.


Type Features Nesting Habits Feeding Habits Image
 Small Brown Ants

Argentine Ant

Light brown to brown. No formic acid odour when crushed. Will drive other ants from their area of occurrence. Nests in exposed soil or under rotting logs, plant cavities, etc. Often moves indoors in wet weather. Colony has several queens. Prefers sweet foods but will et meat, insects, seeds, fruit & honeydew. May damage soiled clothing. argentine_ant

Brown House Ant

Uniformly brown. Distinct formic acid odour when crushed. Forms small colonies around paths & rockeries, in crevices, and in joints in brick & stonework. Prefers high protein (blood, meat, insects). brown_house_ant

Coastal Brown Ant

Light yellowish brown to brown. Pair of small spines on hind part of thorax. Often located within building structures, in crevices in brickwork, in cavity walls and behind skirtings & architraves. Sometimes nests around paths & rockeries. Prefers dead insects, meat particles, fat and grease. coastal_brown_ant

Odorous Ant

Brown to dark brown. . Distinct odour similar to rancid butter when crushed. Nest within buildings in walls, under stoves and cupboards, and in subfloor voids. Eats most types of household food. Prefers sweets but will eat meat, bread, etc. odorous_ant

Pharaoh’s Ant

Light yellowish brown to darker brown. No spines on thorax. No odour when crushed. Form large colonies with many queens. May travel considerable distances for food. Nest indoors in wall voids, beneath floors, around foundations, in ceilings & in warmer parts of buildings (eg. adjacent to heating ducts). Eats almost any type of food materials (meat, blood) as well as fatty food, vegetable matter and sweets. pharaohs_ant

Singapore Ant

Light brown with darker posterior abdomen. No spines on thorax. Head flattened and blocky. Nest in and around buildings, in cracks, crevices, wall cavities, behind skirtings, under paths, etc. Eats a variety of food materials, including protein & sugar-type materials, Prefers animal materials to sweets. singapore_ant
 Small Black Ants

Black House Ant

Black. Nests outside, against paths, in rockeries & other crevices. May nest in cavity walls, indoors or in subfloor areas. Feeds on a variety of food sources but prefers sweets. black_house_ant

Whitefooted house Ant

Black with pale tarsi. No nodes present on one-segmented pedicel. Commonly nests indoors & outdoors; around paths & rockeries, inside cavity walls, behind skirtings & architraves, under & behind kitchen cupboards, etc. Eats a variety of foods but prefers meats and sweets. whitefooted_house_ant
Miscellaneous Ants

Bulldog Ant

Tends to be red or black. Very aggressive. Nests outside in soil & under logs, rocks, etc. Located mostly in bushy areas. Seldom enters buildings. Can inflict a very painful sting. Feeds on a variety of foods. bulldog_ant

Carpenter Ant

Colour variable, with a smooth, evenly rounded thorax. Circle of tiny hairs at end of abdomen. Nests in decayed or moist wood, sometimes in soil. Mostly located in bushy areas. May travel great distances for food. Forages mostly at night. Eats dead & live insects, honeydew from sap suckers & a variety of household wastes. Attracted to sweets. carpenter_ant

Greenhead Ant

Black with metallic green head. Distinctive appearance & odour. Nests in small colonies under paths & among rockeries. Mostly located in bushy areas. Seldom enters houses. Can inflict a painful sting. Feeds on materials of vegetable origin. greenhead_ant

Jumper Ant

Usually yellow & black. Very aggressive, has a jumping habit. Nests outdoors in soil, building mound-type nests. Located mostly in bushy areas. Seldom enters buildings. Can inflict a painful sting. Feeds on a variety of foods. jumper_ant

Meat Ant

Red & Black Builds a large nest in soil, identified by having a topping of gravel. Mostly occurs in bush areas. Eats animal materials & honeydew from sap suckers. Does not sting. meat_ant